Chapter 13 Study Guide
Part A – Define the following terms
  1. propaganda-material designed to spread certain beliefs
  2. Nikita Khrushchev- ruled the Soviet Union from 1958 to 1964 or during the " Thaw"
  3. détente- relaxing of tensions between nations
  4. Mikhail Gorbachev- leader of the Soviet Union who allowed more freedom
  5. ethnic cleansing- organized killing of members of an ethnic group or groups
  6. Duma- one of the two houses of the Russian legislature
  7. currency- money used as a form of exchange
  8. euro- the common unit of currency used by European Union countries
  9. tariff- a feeimposed by a government on imported or exported goods
  10. standard of living- a measure of quality of life
  11. European Union- an economic and political grouping of countries in Western Europe
  12. Court of Human Rights- the Council of Europe's court that protects the rights of all citizens in whichever of its member countries they live
  13. parliamentary republic- a republic whose head of government, usually a prime minister, is the leader of the political party that has the most members in the parliament
Part B – Review Questions
Section 1 - The Soviet Union (pages 353-358)
  1. Why did the Soviet government outlaw many cultural celebrations? The Soviet outlawed many cultural celebrations because they wanted to prevent different ethnic groups from identifying with their individual cultures so minorities would not seek independence.
  2. Explain why most Soviet citizens learned little about other nations around the world. Most Soviet citizens learned little about nations around the world because the Soviet government controlled communications media, such as newspapers, books, radio and the work of writers and artists, preventing people from learning about other nations.
  3. How did the Soviet Union maintain control over Eastern European countries? The Soviet maintained control over Eastern European counties by using military force, economic controls and having a Communist government.
Section 2 – Eastern Europe and Russia (pages 360-366)
  1. How did the Soviet Union change during 1991? The Soviet Union changed in 1991 because one by one the Soviet republics declared independence, the Warsaw Pact was dissolved and the Soviet Union became 15 different nations.

Section 3 – The European Union (pages 367-371)
  1. What is the importance of the European Union (EU)? The EU is important because it is the best hope for European peace and prosperity because it improves trade and reduces the possibility of conflicts among member nations.
  2. Name one benefit of being a member of the EU? One benefit would be that the EU raises their environmental standards, no traiffs, free flow of goods, services, people, political freedom, job training, and economic aid to poor countries.
  3. Identify at least three of Europe’s major centers of the arts, business, learning. London, Paris, and Amsterdam.
Part C – Essay Question - What are the major goals of the European Union?
Remember to:
- skip lines
- restate the question in your answer (topic sentence)
- end your essay with a conclusion
  • Discuss the following points in your answer (details that support your topic sentence):

- trade/economics/removing tariffs
- standard of living
- transportation/travel – people and goods
- cultural diversity
- environmental standards


States and capitals = Midwest