6A Chapters 22-25 Study Guide (Experiment - Student taught chapters)

Please add only two BIG idea questions from your chapter/section.

Chapter 22/Section 1
1. What religions in Southeast Asia developed from trading around the world?
Islam - Muslim traders and Christianity - missionaries
2. What countries followed the Portuguese to Southeast Asia?
British, Dutch, Spanish, and French

Chapter 22/Section 2
1. Where do most of the people in Southeast Asia live?
3/4 of the population of Southeast Asia live on small farms
2. What are the three main religions in Southeast Asia?
Islam, Buddhism, and Catholicism

Chapter 23/Section 1
1. Where do most of the world's earthquakes and volcanic eruptions occur?
Ring of Fire region
2. What are the three types of islands in the Pacific?
Continental islands, low oceanic islands, high oceanic islands

Chapter 23/Section 2
1. Who was Confucius? ( p.683)
His real name is Kongfuzi. He developed Confucianism a philosophy that teaches the importance of moral character and individuals taking responsibility for the state of their society.
2. What were some important inventions in China? (p.684-685)
gunpowder, silk, porcelain, paper, compass, and a new type of writing system

Chapter 23/Section 3
1. What is Zen Buddhism? Describe characteristics.
The belief that you can reach enlightenment without long years of study. A person must focus intensely to understand certain concepts called koans (KOHahnz).
2. What is a samurai? Describe duties.
a Japanese warrior who pledged to serve a particular lord and protect his estate from bandits and thieves.

Chapter 24/Section 4
1. What changes did communism bring to the arts in China?
Artistic freedom was repressed; writers and artists were forced to express Communist ideals.
2. What led the Chinese government to place restrictions on family size?
The Chinese government restricted family size to limit population growth.

Chapter 25/Section 1
1. What are two hardships that the Europeans brought to the Pacific Islands?
With the European settlers came disease and a system of slavery.
2. Who was the first inhabitants of New Zealand and Australia?
New Zealand = Maori and Australia = Southeast Asian descendants are called Aborigines

Chapter 25/Section 2
1. What are the two most important cash crops in Australia?
Wheat and sugar cane
2. In what year did Australia and New Zealand sign a free-trade agreement, and why did they sign it?
In 1983 Australia and New Zealand signed a free-trade agreement to boost the trade between them.